Acid Reflux & GERD
There are two kinds of acid reflux disease — gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR).
GERD involves the reflux of stomach acids and gastric contents from the stomach into the esophagus, causing esophageal tissue damage. The primary symptom of GERD is heartburn.
LPR involves the reflux of stomach acids higher into the voicebox region or beyond. Symptoms of LPR vary, but often include chronic cough, the sensation that there is phlegm or something stuck in the throat, chronic sore throat, hoarseness, frequent throat clearing, and difficulty swallowing.
Diagnosis of acid reflux disease is made through a detailed history and physical exam performed by one of our ENT physicians and usually includes close examination of the throat using special camera equipment. Treatment is aimed at controlling production of acid, usually with medication and dietary changes.